settlement in present-day Algeria can be traced back to the first
centuries of the Common Era. In the 14th century, with the deterioration
of conditions in Spain, many Spanish Jews moved to Algeria. After
the French occupation of the country in 1830, Jews gradually were
granted French citizenship.
1934, Muslims incited by events in Nazi Germany, rampaged in Constantine
killing 25 Jews and injuring many more. Before 1962, there were
60 Jewish communities, each maintaining their own rabbis, synagogues
and educational institutions. After being granted independence in
1962, the Algerian government harassed the Jewish community and
deprived Jews of their economic rights. As a result, almost 130,000
Algerian Jews immigrated to France and, since 1948, 25,681 Algerian
Jews have immigrated to Israel.
independence from France was the key event in the final uprooting
of the Jewish community. As a result of the desire of Algeria and
Algerians to join in the wave of Pan-Arab nationalism that was sweeping
North Africa, Jews no longer felt welcome after the French departure.
The Algerian Nationality Code of 1963 made this clear by granting
Algerian nationality as a right only to those inhabitants whose
fathers and paternal grandfathers had Muslim personal status in
Algeria. 24 In other words, although the National Liberation Front
in Algeria was known for its slogan "A Democratic Secular State";
it adhered to strictly religious criteria in granting nationality,
thereby entrenching anti-Israel and anti-Jewish bias in the country.
International Forum for Peace and Culture website.